What is Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)?
EV-D68 is one of hundreds of non-polio enteroviruses. Non-polio enteroviruses are very common, with tens of thousands of people hospitalized each year.
What are the symptoms of EV-D68 infections?
EV-D68 is most common in the summer or fall. It has become more common since an outbreak in 2014. Mild symptoms include:
- Runny nose
- Body aches
Severe symptoms include:
- Difficulty breathing
Are EV-D68 infections contagious?
Yes. The virus is found in peoples’ saliva, nasal mucus, or sputum. It spreads when a person coughs, sneezes, or touches a surface with infected hands.
Who is at risk for EV-D68 infections?
- Children with asthma
- Adults can also get EV-D68, although they normally show mild or no symptoms
How are EV-D68 infections diagnosed?
Doctors will perform lab tests on specimens from a nose, throat, or blood test.
What are treatment options for EV-D68 infections?
There is no specific treatment for EV-D68. Talk to your doctor to find the best treatment option.
How can I prevent catching or spreading EV-D68?
- Wash hands thoroughly and often
- Do not touch nose, mouth, eyes, or ears with unwashed hands
- Avoid contact with sick people
- Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue or sleeve
- Clean infected surfaces
- Stay at home if you are sick
How can I protect myself if I have asthma?
- Update your asthma action plan and follow it during an emergency
- Take your prescribed asthma medication as directed
- Always carry an inhaler or reliever medication with you
- Get a flu vaccine
For more information on EV-D68, visit http://www.cdc.gov/non-polio-enterovirus/about/ev-d68.html.