enterovirus

What is Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)?

EV-D68 is one of hundreds of non-polio enteroviruses.  Non-polio enteroviruses are very common, with tens of thousands of people hospitalized each year.

What are the symptoms of EV-D68 infections?

EV-D68 is most common in the summer or fall. It has become more common since an outbreak in 2014. Mild symptoms include:

  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Body aches

Severe symptoms include:

  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty breathing

Are EV-D68 infections contagious?

Yes. The virus is found in peoples’ saliva, nasal mucus, or sputum. It spreads when a person coughs, sneezes, or touches a surface with infected hands.

Who is at risk for EV-D68 infections?

  • Infants
  • Children
  • Teenagers
  • Children with asthma
  • Adults can also get EV-D68, although they normally show mild or no symptoms

How are EV-D68 infections diagnosed?

Doctors will perform lab tests on specimens from a nose, throat, or blood test.

What are treatment options for EV-D68 infections?

There is no specific treatment for EV-D68. Talk to your doctor to find the best treatment option.

How can I prevent catching or spreading EV-D68?

  • Wash hands thoroughly and often
  • Do not touch nose, mouth, eyes, or ears with unwashed hands
  • Avoid contact with sick people
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue or sleeve
  • Clean infected surfaces
  • Stay at home if you are sick

How can I protect myself if I have asthma?

  • Update your asthma action plan and follow it during an emergency
  • Take your prescribed asthma medication as directed
  • Always carry an inhaler or reliever medication with you
  • Get a flu vaccine

For more information on EV-D68, visit http://www.cdc.gov/non-polio-enterovirus/about/ev-d68.html.