Infectious Mononucleosis, Mono, is contagious disease caused by Epstein-barr virus (EBV). About 25% of people with EBV infections will get mono.
Who is at risk for mono?
Teenagers and young adults are most at-risk for mono, specifically college students.
What are the symptoms of mono?
Symptoms usually begin to show 4-6 weeks after you are infected with EBV. Symptoms include:
- Extreme fatigue
- Sore throat
- Body aches
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck or armpits
- Swollen liver and/or spleen
A swollen liver and/or spleen are not as common as other symptoms. Most people will recover within 2-4 weeks, although some people may experience fatigue for 6 months or longer.
How is mono transmitted?
EBV is spread through bodily fluids, mainly saliva. It can also be transmitted through blood, semen, blood transfusions, and organ transplants.
How is mono diagnosed?
Mono is typically diagnosed based off of symptoms. If a patient has an unusual case of mono, a blood test may be required.
How is mono treated?
There is no vaccine or specific treatment to help cure mono. You can help relieve symptoms by drinking plenty of fluids, getting a lot of rest, and taking over-the-counter medications to relieve pain. Do not take ampicillin or amoxicillin. Avoid contact sports which can hurt your spleen or liver.
How can I prevent mono?
Do not kiss, share food or drink, or share personal items with a person who has mono to avoid the disease.
For more information on mono, click here.