What is asthma? asthma

Asthma is a disease of the lungs that causes breathing problems. People are more likely to suffer from asthma if they have a family member with the disease.

What are the symptoms of asthma?

People with asthma usually experience “asthma attacks” which is when the airways become smaller and make it more difficult to breathe. Symptoms of asthma include episodes of:

  • Breathlessness
  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Tightness in the chest

How do I know if I have asthma?

If you believe you may have asthma, contact your healthcare provider to set an appointment. Your doctor may ask for detailed medical history. They may ask how often you cough, when you cough, if you experience the symptoms associated with asthma, if you wheeze after exercise, and other similar questions. Your doctor will also have you take a breathing test to properly diagnose you.

Is asthma common?

1 in 13 Americans has asthma. As of 2014, 7.7% of people suffered from the disease. In Nevada, about 9% of adults have asthma.

What causes an asthma attack?

People with asthma usually have “trigger”, which are known to start an asthma attack. Triggers can be dust, cigarette smoke, pets, smoke, allergens, etc. Triggers will vary depending on the person.

How can I control my asthma?

There is no cure for asthma, but people with the disease can manage it by determining their asthma triggers and attempting to change their environment. It is important to control your asthma and know what your triggers are. By controlling your asthma, you will:

  • Have less symptoms
  • Sleep better
  • Be able to miss less school and work
  • Take part in exercise
  • Avoid hospital visits

The first step to controlling your asthma is to take your medicine as prescribed. You also should stay away from triggers to avoid having an asthma attack. Treatment will vary depending on the person, so it is important to talk to your doctor about an asthma plan. If your plan is not working, contact your doctor to find another method that works for you.

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